Jungian Theory, Carl Jung
“Healing comes only from what leads the patient beyond himself and beyond his entanglements in the ego.” – C.G. Jung, Alchemical Studies
Carl Jung (July 26, 1875 – June 6, 1961) is a Swiss born psychiatrist who’s best known work lead to synchronicity, the collective unconscious personality Typing. Isabel Briggs Myers, the founder of the Myers Briggs Type Indicator built her research off of Jung’s work in Type theory.
Carl Jung is the first person to explored the notion of personality Type. He studied at the University of Basel in 1895 and in 1900 he began working in a psychiatric hospital in Zurich named Burghölzli. In 1908, Jung became an editor of the newly founded Yearbook for Psychoanalytical and Psychopathological Research.
In relation to personality Type, Jung published his first book in 1921 named Psychological Types. In this book Jung theorized that there are four psychological functions by which we experience the world: sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking. One of these four functions is dominant most of the time. These four preferences are the foundation of our personality Type.
Isabel Briggs Myers expanded on Carl Jung’s work by adding a fourth pair, Judging and Perceiving. It is important to note that there would be no Myers Briggs Type Indicator without Carl Jung’s original work on personality Typing.